As a student of Law for over half a Century, I have attempted papers, made them and marked my own, the difficult questions relate to the separation of "A Court of Law" and "The Court of Justice", in essence differentiating between the Legalization and Legitimization of a Law.
Former Chief Justice
Supreme Court of Pakistan
- July 2009 -
Mr. Justice (R) Mohammad Bashir Jehangiri was born on February 1st, 1937 in Mansehra, Hazara, KPK. His father, Mr. Muhammad Muzaffar Khan Jehangiri, served as an educationist and later retired as a Head Master (Principal) of Govt. High School in Mansehra, Hazara, KPK. Mr. Jehangiri received his early education in his native town Mansehra. Later, he moved and matriculated from M. L. High School, Lahore, Punjab in 1953. He obtained third position in F.A. and graduated with honors (First Class First) from Abbottabad, in 1958 and 1960. He did his L.L.B from University Law College Peshawar in 1962 and joined the N.W.F.P Provincial Bar in February 1963.
After qualifying the West Pakistan P.C.S. (Judicial) Branch Exam., he was appointed as Civil Judge on March 7th, 1966.
After serving at various stations including Nowshehra, Dera Ismail Khan, Mardan, Abbottabad as Civil Judge and Senior Civil Judge, he was promoted as Additional District and Session Judge on July 6th 1974.
He later served as Judicial Commissioner, Northern Areas in Gilgit from July 26th, 1979 till December 23rd, 1982.
On December 23rd, 1982 he took charge as Special Judge, Customs, Taxation and Anti-Smuggling (Central) North-West Frontier Province, Peshawar and relinquished this charge on 15th September 1984.
He was appointed as Joint Secretary, Ministry of Justice and Parliamentary Affairs (Justice Division), Islamabad, in December 1984. During his career, among other courses, he attended an advanced course in Public Administration and Development at the National Institute of Public Administration, Lahore, in 1977 and Shariah Course in the Shariah Academy, International Islamic University, Islamabad in December 1983. He attended the United Nations Institute for Asia and Far East Course on "Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders" at Fuchu, Japan in 1986. He participated as a Legal Member of the Pakistan Delegation in the UN sponsored Geneva Accords on Afghanistan held on April 14th, 1988. He was elevated to the Peshawar High Court on October 1st, 1988.
He attended the World Law Conference, held in Argentina in 1993.
His Lordship was elevated as a Judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan in 1995. The Hon’ble Judge represented Pakistan at the Chief Justices’ Conference and Law Asia Annual Meeting held in Manila, Philippines in August 1997.
Work and Retirement
Mr. Justice Muhammad Bashir Jehangiri was appointed as Wafaqi Mohtasib "Federal Ombudsman" on February 10th 2000.
In this capacity he chaired the meeting of the Asian Ombudsman Association held from July 17th to 20th, 2000 in Manila, Philippines.
The Hon’ble Wafaqi Mohtasib "Federal Ombudsman" represented Asian Region as President of Asian Ombudsman Association and attended the 7th International Conference of the International Ombudsman Institute (IOI) held in Durban, South Africa from 27th October to 3rd November 2000.
Condolences on Sad Demise of Mr. Justice (R) Mohammad Bashir Jehangiri - (1937-2020)
On Behalf of the family of late "Mr. Mohammad Bashir Jehangiri" (February 1st 1937-April 15th, 2020), we are thankful to all our Family, Friends, The Team of Medical Professionals, Personal Caregivers, and everyone that stood by us during his extended treatment, for their Love and Support and everyone today, April 15th, 2020 at his farewell while departing on his final Journey, forever shall we remain Indebted.
The Jehangiri Family
Supreme Court of Pakistan
Dated April 15th, 2020
The Hon'ble Chief Justice of Pakistan, Mr. Justice Gulzar Ahmed and other Hon'ble Judges of Supreme Court have expressed deep sorrow and grief over the sad demise of Mr. Justice Mohammad Bashir Jehangiri, Hon'ble former Chief Justice of Pakistan. They have extended their heartfelt condolences and sincere sympathies to members of the bereaved family of the departed soul. They prayed to All Mighty Allah to shower His blessings upon the departed soul and to give patience to the bereaved family members to bear this irreparable loss with equanimity (Ameen).
Shahid Hussain Kamboyo
Public Relations Officer
Letter of Condolence from the Honorable Chief Justice of Pakistan, Mr. Justice Gulzar Ahmed
Respected Mrs. Bibi Khatija,
I am deeply grieved to learn about the sad demise of your husband Hon'ble Mr. Justice Mohammad Bashir Jehangiri and want to express profound sorrow on my own behalf and also on behalf of my brother Judges and the staff of this Court. Please accept our heartfelt condolences. May Almighty Allah grant you and the family fortitude to bear this great loss and may the departed soul rest in eternal peace. Ameen
Mr. Justice Mohammad Bashir Jehangiri retired as the Chief Justice of Pakistan in February 2002. Upon retirement, he moved to his native village Mansehra, KPK, Pakistan to his ancestral home and stayed there for the following ten years. He got involved in multiple Social Welfare programs, provided consulting in numerous roles of his profession including "Access to Justice Program" and others. Later, due to his deteriorating health conditions, he moved to Islamabad to be close to his medical professionals and spent the last seven years in his house in Islamabad.
Letter of Condolence from the Attorney General of Pakistan, Mr. Khalid Jawed Khan
17th April, 2020
Dear Ahsan Bashir
I would like to extend my deepest condolences on the death of your father Mr. Justice (R) Mohammad Bashir Jehangiri. This is a terrible loss for all of us. He will always be remembered as a loving, caring, and a kind person. He will be deeply missed. It is difficult to imagine how you feel now, but we can feel your pain and offer our heartfelt sympathies. We all had our losses and somehow life carries on. We never forget but we continue for the sake of our loved ones. Think of the cheerful memories and laugh at the silly times. Even in pain, we manage to find hope. Your father will always be remembered as a great jurist and a kind person.
Mr. Justice (R) Mohammad Bashir Jehangiri "February 1st, 1937 - April 15th, 2020, passed away in Islamabad at Begum Akhtar Rukhsana Hospital, Bahria Town Islamabad at 10:45 AM, April 15th, 2020. Prior to that, he was hospitalized at Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan, for two weeks and then discharged from the Hospital and spent the last six days at his house in Islamabad. His body was brought to his House in his Native Village Mansehra, KPK, Pakistan. A large number of people including Judges, Lawyers, and people from different walks of life attended his funeral prayers. He was buried in his ancestral Grave Yard, near his first wife's grave, "Jamila Naz Jehangiri" in Banda Lal Khan, Mansehra, Hazara, KPK, Pakistan.
Letter of Condolence from the Hon'ble Chief Justice, Federal Shariat Court, Justice Muhammad Noor Meskanzi
Dated: April 18th, 2020
Dear Ahsan Bashir Sahab,
"Assalam-o-Alaikum, Wa Rahmatullah-e Wabarakatahu"
I am deeply shocked to hear sad demise of your illustrious father Mr. Justice (R) Mohammad Bashir Jehangiri. His services towards judiciary of Pakistan would be remembered forever.
May Allah Almighty rest his soul in heaven and give you and your family members patience and courage to bear this irrepairable loss. Aamen.
With deepest sympathies and prayers,
Mr. Mohammad Bashir Jehangiri is survived by his wife Khadija Bashir, two sons, Ahsan Bashir, Aman Bashir, and two daughters Tayyaba Bashir and Farzana Bashir.
On Behalf of the family of late "Mr. Mohammad Bashir Jehangiri" (February 1st 1937-April 15th, 2020), we are thankful to all our Family, Friends, The Team of Medical Professionals, Personal Caregivers, and everyone that stood by us during his extended treatment, for their Love and Support and today, April 15th, 2020 at his farewell while departing on his final Journey, forever shall we remain Indebted.
The Jehangiri Family
Peshawar High Court
Dated April 15th, 2020
Mr. Justice Waqar Ahmad Seth and Hon’be Judges of this Court have expressed deep sorrow and grieve over the sad demise of Mr. Justice Muhammad Bashir Jehangiri Hon’ble former Chief Justice of Pakistan and former Judge Peshawar High Court. They have extended their heartfelt condolence and sincere sympathy to the member of bereaved family of the departed soul. They prayed to almighty Allah to shower his blessing upon the departed soul and give patience to bereaved family members to bear this irreparable loss with equanimity (Ameen).
Letter of Condolence from the Hon'ble Chief Justice, Peshawar High Court, Mr. Justice Waqar Ahmed Seth
Please accept my heartfelt condolence on the sad demise of your beloved father (late) Mr. Justice Mohammad Bashir Jehangiri. May Allah rest his soul in eternal peace and give you and your entire family the courage to bear this irreparable loss (Ameen).
P & EM
The News: MANSEHRA: Former Chief Justice of Pakistan, Justice Mohammad Bashir Jehangiri passed away after protracted illness. He was 83. He breathed his last at a hospital in Islamabad and his body was brought to his native Mansehra for burial.Justice Bashir Jehangiri was laid to rest in his village ..............
ایک چراغ اور بجھا۔
جسٹس بشیر جہانگیری۔۔ایک عہد ساز شخصیت۔۔دیانت۔امانت اور سادگی کی عظیم مثال۔۔۔ھزارہ اور سواتی قوم کی تاریخ کی واحد شخصیت جو اپنی محنت اور دیانتداری کی وجہ سے چیف جسٹس آف پاکستان کے جلیل قدر عہدہ تک پہنچے۔آپ نے بڑےمشکل ۔دباو۔اور کروڑوں کی رشوت کو نظر انداز کر کےعدلیہ کی تاریخ میں عظیم فیصلے کئے جو تاریخ کا حصہ بن گئے۔آپ انکساری اور سادگی کی بڑی مثال تھے۔سفارش سے سخت نفرت کرتے تھے۔اگر کسی قریبی حلقہ سے سفارشی خط آتا تو پڑھنے سے پہلے سفارشی کے سامنے پھاڑ دیتے۔کسی رشہ دار ۔دوست۔تعلقدار کی جرات ان کو سفارس کرنے کی نہ ہوتی۔
تاریخ سے شفغ رکھتے تھے ۔خاص کر مانسہرہ کی اقوام کی تاریخ کاوسیع علم رکھتے تھے۔
کئ سیاسی مقدمات میں معمولی مدد کے لئے کروڑوں روپے کی پیشکش ٹھکرا دی۔بعض کا مجھے بھی علم ھے۔
چھوٹی سی نیکی کرنے والوں کا بڑا احسان ماناکرتے۔ طبیعت مین عاجزی اور انکساری کوٹ کوٹ کر بھری تھی
عدلیہ کی تاریخ میں ہمیشہ بڑے نام سے یاد رکھا جائے گا۔
قوم سواتی کی تارینخ کا بہت بڑا نام ۔ ماسہرہ اور ھزارہ کی تاریخ کا لازوال کردار۔جسے کبھی فراموس نہ کیا جا سکے گا۔مالک لملک ہمارے ملک اور قوم کو ایسے راہنما عطا فرمائے آمیں۔
مت سھل انہیں سمجھو پھرتا چرخ برسوں
تب خاک کے پردے سے انسان نکلتے ھیں۔
عجیب درویش منش انسان تھا۔اللہ اس جہان کی بھی تمام بلندیاں۔تمام عروج عنایت فرمائے آمین ثم آمین۔
Letter of Condolence from the Inspector General, National Highways and Motorway Police, Dr. Syed Kaleem Imam
Assalam-o-Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah-wa-Barakatahu"
Words cannot express the depth of our feelings over the death of your beloved father Mr. Mohammad Bashir Jehangiri, Honourable Former Chief Justice of Pakistan on Wednesday after protracted illness.
May his soul rest in eternal peace. My thoughts and sincere prayers for the bereaved family, Amin !